LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT OF FOOD

Life Cycle Assessment is an environmental analysis tool to evaluate the potential environmental impacts of products or services along its life cycle. The standardized methodology of LCA is described in ISO 14040/44: 2006. The scope of LCA studies covers not only the processing stage but also upstream (i.e. raw material production – agriculture, livestock, fisheries and aquaculture & packaging production and downstream (i.e. distribution, consumption and waste disposal) activities including related transport in all stages. The life cycle impact assessment results covering multiple impacts in quantitative terms facilitate the identification of hot spots (i.e. the main life cycle stage and activities causing significant impacts) to derive the strategies for life cycle management to improve the environmental performance of product and promote the shift towards sustainable agriculture and food production systems including more sustainable food consumption pattern via environmental certification and labelling schemes.